Verbs: Past Tense? Present? by Melanie Dawson & Joe Essid (printable version right here)
You will want to keep the verbs you use in the same tense when you write an essay, an exam answer, or even a short story. Keep in mind, moving from tense to tense can be extremely confusing.
eg. Mrs. Mallory views her son that is returning and in her excitement, twisted her ankle instead badly. Her cousin calls a doctor straight away.
The verb “twisted” is the only verb that appears in the past tense in this example. It must can be found in the tense that is present “twists,” or perhaps the other verbs should really be changed to your past tense also. Switching verb tenses upsets the time series of narration.
“The Literary Present”
You should make use of “the literary present. whenever you quote straight from the text or allude into the occasions in a tale (such as a short plot summary),” We come up with written works just as if the activities inside them are taking place now, although the writers could be very long dead. Quoting an essay, you would compose,
eg. Annie Dillard had written Pilgrim at Tinker Creek whenever she lived in Virginia’s mountains. The revelation of a dancer who for my eyes only flings away her seven veils” (17) in the book’s chapter, “Seeing,” Annie Dillard contends that “vision. is a deliberate gift.
Here, both “wrote” and “lived” come in days gone by tense simply because they make reference to Dillard’s life, maybe not her writings. “Contends,” nevertheless, seems in a declaration about Dillard’s writing, it is therefore into the tense that is present.